Psychomotor Domain Taxonomy
This domain is characterized by progressive levels of behaviors from observation to mastery of a physical skill. Several different taxonomies exist.
Simpson (1972) built this taxonomy on the work of Bloom and others:
Simpson, E. (1972). The classification of educational objectives in the psychomotor domain: The psychomotor domain. Vol. 3. Washington, DC: Gryphon House.
Dave (1970) developed this taxonomy:
Based upon R. H. Dave, as reported in R. J. Armstrong et al., Developing and Writing Behavioral Objectives (Tucson, AZ: Educational Innovators Press, 1970).
Harrow (1972) developed this taxonomy. It is organized according to the degree of coordination including involuntary responses and learned capabilities:
Harrow, A.J. (1972). A taxonomy of the psychomotor domain. New York: David McKay Co.
The following list is a combination of the above taxonomies:
|1. Observing||Active mental attending of a physical event.
|The learner watches a more experienced person. Other mental activity, such as reading may be a pert of the observation process.|
|2. Imitating||Attempted copying of a physical behavior.
||The first steps in learning a skill. The learner is observed and given direction and feedback on performance. Movement is not automatic or smooth.|
|3. Practicing||Trying a specific physical activity over and over.||
The skill is repeated over and over. The entire sequence is performed repeatedly. Movement is moving towards becoming automatic and smooth.
|4. Adapting||Fine tuning. Making minor adjustments in the physical activity in order to perfect it.||
The skill is perfected. A mentor or a coach is often needed to provide an outside perspective on how to improve or adjust as needed for the situation.
BEHAVIORAL VERBS APPROPRIATE FOR THE PSYCHOMOTOR DOMAIN