In this dance form, movements are generated, varied and
manipulated using the elements of dance to express and communicate
an idea, concept or feeling. Students
use the improvisation process to explore, select, and arrange
movements into a sequence and structure to compose a dance.
Georgia Heard in her book For the good of
the earth and sun (1989) Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Press,
states, "Many people don't believe children have their own ideas,
their own lives to express. After a while children begin to
believe this is true." p. 14
Outcomes that a student will gain
as a result of participating in a creative dance experience.
- Increase their knowledge about
different movements that can be used to express and communicate
an idea, concept, or feeling.
- Develop critical thinking skills
used to discover multiple solutions to a task.
- Expand their movement abilities,
skills and types of movements.
- Create new movements, movement
sequences and complete dances.
- Learn to use movement as a means of
expression and communication.
- Develop collaborative skills.
- Select a developmentally
appropriate theme, topic, idea or element of dance based on the
students age and interest.
- Develop learning outcomes and
assessments to identify what students will learn and how
learning will be assessed
- Develop a sequence of exploration
- Collect support information such as
pictures, children’s books, objects, charts, props and music.
- Prepare classroom environment with
materials and space accommodations.
- Introduce the theme, topic, idea or
element of dance by asking student prior experiences or
knowledge or providing information.
- Ask students to respond
individually to a task before working with partners or in small
- Provide descriptive feedback about
students’ responses to the task.
- Extend the initial task by asking
students to create several different ways to respond.
- Use open-ended tasks to facilitate
exploration. Begin tasks with
phrases such as, Is there a way…, Can you find…, Show me a way
you can…., Discover how you …., Find a ….., Make a……
- Encourage students to explore a
variety of ways to “solve” or respond within the task
constraints and recognize that students will solve the task in
- Tell students they can share ideas
or borrow a movement from someone to help stimulate new
- Ask student to select several
movements from the exploration tasks and combine the movements
into short sequences or dance. The
dance can be about how it feels to be scared or it can
demonstrates a story or character, or it can show
a sequence of events such as a growing plant
- Provide time for students to refine
and practice their sequences or dances.