Week 3 - Early Globalization

 

To Week 2 Outline

Map: Zheng He Expeditions
Image: Giraffe
Map: Ming Imperial System
Chart: Ming Chinese Tributary System

Map: Fujian Diaspora

Historical Map :
Zheng He's Charts

Historic Map: 1320 Chinese ("SW countries") 
Historic Map: 1402 Kangnido (Korean copy of Chinese map) 
Historic Map: 1192 al-Idrisi Old World Map

Map: Portuguese/Chinese Explorations 1400s

Map: Trade and Death in the 14th-15th C
Map: Old World Trade 1340 vs. 1490
Map: The World System 1500

Map: Genoese Commercial Empire
Map: Sugar growing in Mediterranean
Map: Sugar "migrates"

Map: Ottoman Empire (-1520)

Image: Chinese vs. European ships
Images:
Evolution of European ships
Image: Cog and Cog
Image:
Galley and Venetian Galley
Image: Portuguese Caravel
Image: Portuguese Nau (Carrack)
Image: Dutch Fluitschip
Image: Spanish Galleon

Map: Columbus's perception of the world
Map: Portolan (14th C)
Image: Astrolabe (Muslim Indian Ocean)
Historic Map: Cantino Planisphere (1502)

Map: Global Wind Patterns
Map: Global Currents (simplified)
Map: Monsoon Winds (Western Indian Ocean)
MapMonsoon Wind Patterns 
Map: Global Monsoon Zones

Map: Global Explorers' Journeys
Map:
Explorers in the Atlantic
Map: Columbus's Voyages

Map: Da Gama to India

Chart: European Ships to Asia

Map: Indian Ocean Trading Cities

Map: Treaty of Tordesillas
Text: Treaty of Tordesillas


Map: Spanish and Portuguese Empires (1500s-1700s)

 

Maritime Revolutions

15th Century Chinese Explorations
Ming Conceptions of the World
Zheng He's Expeditions
Why the Chinese Didn't Have A Distant Empire
--But, the Fujian Diaspora

Iberian Impetus to Explore
Mediterranean Trade Wealth
-The end of Pax Mongolica
-Silk, Spices and Sugar
---Slavery and the Italian Renaissance
-Precious Metals/Bullionism (West African gold)
-Social Advancement
Islam and Christianity
-Ottoman Turk irruption
-The Reconquista, Crusading and Prester John
-Chivalry

Capacity to Explore

Convergence of Technologies
Eurasian Tools
-Shipbuilding
--Heavy Seas
--Maneuverability
-Mapmaking & Positioning
--Portolani/Rutters
--Compass/Quadrant/Astrolabe
Discovery of the Winds/Currents
Organizing Commerce
Amalgamation of Data
Power-projection on the Periphery
--Bells and Cannons
--Tropical Shipbuilders
--Markets East/Silver West
Iberian Empires

 

 


Jong/Junk
Treasure Ship
Zheng He
Ming

Pepper
Sugar
Slavery
Plantations
Cyprus, Malta, Crete
Guinea
Ottoman Empire
Genoese
Cape Verde Islands
Canaries, Sao Tome, Fernando Po, Azores


Stern-Post Rudder
Three-Masted
Lateen Sail
Tacking
Iron Nails/Wooden Dowels
Caravel
Carrack/Nau/Barque

Galleon

Ptolemy's Geography
Portolan Maps


Bronze
Iron
Philippines
Karakoa
Teak/Oak






Map
African States 1453

MapAfrican States, Trade & Islam 1500-1800

Map: Portuguese/Chinese Explorations 1400s
Map: Global Currents
Map: Sugar "migrates"

Image: West African Canoes

 

 

 

 

Image: Kongolese "Nobles" (Smoking) 17c 
Image: Wolof Clothing Styles, 1668

Image: Benin Griot and Warrior
Image:
Benin Bronze Warriors
Image:
Benin Brass Bell
Image:
Benin Ivory Box
Image: Europeans in carving
Image: Drawing of Kongo Court
Image: City of Loango (1690s)
Image: City of Benin 1670

Image: Fort, Gold Coast, 1682


Map: Lower Niger States ca. 1600

Map: "Indians" as described by Europeans

Image: Taino Gold Panners

Map: Empires in the Americas

Map: Aztec map of the world

Image: Tenochtitlan
Image: Cuzco and Tenochtitlan
Image: Artist's rendering of Tenochtitlan

Image: Artist's rendering of Aztec market
Image: Aztec Medicine
Image: Aztec Tribute Lists

 

Image: Montezuma meeting Cortez
Images:
Paintings of Tenochtitlan's capture (17C)
Image: The Inca captured

Image: Church in the Yucatan (16C)
Image: Instructions for Mexicans

Map: Incan Empire
Images: Corn terracing
Image: ruins of Llaqtapata

Image: Quipu

Image: Francisco Pizzaro

Map: Spanish Empire (anachronous)

Image: Potosi
Chart: American bullion to Europe
Map: Global Silver Trade 16th-18th C

 

 

 

Atlantic Encounters

West Africa in the Age of Atlantic Incorporation
Gradual Exploration of West Africa
Building trade
Middlemen and "Peaceful" Trade
The slave trade and Sugar islands
Settlers, Missionaries, and Conversions

Commerce as a whole
Early European Advantages, African Disadvantages
--Ocean-Going Ships
--Access to Global Markets
Africans' Advantages, European Disadvantages
--Disease, Numbers, Demographics
--Imperfect Information
--Competition
--Local Rules

African Manufacturers and Consumers
Indigenous Industry
Strategic and Necessary Goods (Imports and Exports)
--Iron (Manufactured, but Imported)
--Gold (Export)
--Cowries (Import)
--Horses (Import)
--Humans (Exports, Intra-African)
--Maize and Peanuts (Transplant)
Luxuries (Imports and Exports)
--Cloth/Textiles (Imports, Exports, Intra-African)
--Crafted Goods
--Tobacco (Import and Transplant)
Changing West African Tastes

West African States
Trade Links and Growth in Coastal Urbanization
Empires of People?
"Mini-States" and "Democracy"

Conquistadors in the New World

Empires Fall
Occupying the Caribbean
--Settlers, Soldiers, and Seeds
Splitting the Aztec Confederation
--Diplomacy
--Disease
--Double-Cross
Felling the Inca
--Incan civil war
--Spaniards march in
--The Inca captured
--Ransom and the fall of the Empire (1532-33)

Exploitation/Incorporation
Land and Labor
Precious Metals
Missions
--Christianity and Syncretism



Imperialism

Canoes

Lancados (Luso-Africans)
Kongo

 

Cotton (Indian Textiles)







Iron

Cowries
Conspicuous Consumption
Ivory
Gold
Horses
New World Crops

Cavalry
Nyanchos
Benin
Oyo
Dahomey
Akan
Asante

Brazilwood

Reconquista
Conquistadors
Hernan Cortez
Nahua
Montezuma (II) (aka Moctezuma)
Flower Wars

Virgin Soil Epidemics

Tiwantinsuyu
Incas (Inkas)
Andes Mountains
Machu Pichu
Quipu
Atahualpa
Francisco Pizzaro
Cajamarca

Colony
"New Spain"
Metropole
Requerimiento (1512)
Encomienda
Silver
Bullion
Potosi (Bolivia)
Syncretism


Map: Monsoon Winds (Western Indian Ocean)
Map: Indian Ocean Polities 1500
Map:
The World System 1500
Map:
Bilad-al Islam 1500
Map:
Trade and Death in the 14th-15th C
Map:
Indian Ocean Trading Cities
Map:
Swahili Cities (zoom)

Map
: Zimbabwe's gold trade
Image: Kilwa's great mosque (ruins)


Map: Fujian Diaspora
Map: Da Gama's route

 

Image: Ottoman Imperial System 16C

Image: Portuguese Ottoman Battle
Map: Turkish-Portuguese Conflict

 

Image: Portuguese Fort Jesus

 

 

Chart: European bullion to Asia

Map: Northwestern Indian Ocean

Historical Map:
Portuguese India (1519)
Map: Portuguese Outposts in the East

Map: SE Asia cities/Port. raids

Map: Land Empires 1700

Image: Prahu (Southeast Asia
Image: Settlers South Asia

Map: Spanish and Portuguese Empires (1500s-1700s)
Maps: Spanish vs. Portuguese Empire (econ)

 

Indian Ocean Encounters

The Indian Ocean Rim
Bilad-al-Islam ("Abode of Islam")
Competing States/City-States
Cores and Peripheries

 

Enter the Portuguese
Vasco Da Gama and India
An Accidental Discovery
An Escalation of Violence
A Strategic Plan
--Ruthlessness
--Resistance

The Portuguese and East Africa
Demanding Tribute
Opposition and Collaboration
Sacking the Coast
Fortification
The Economic Decline of East Africa

Portuguese and South/Southeast Asia
Merchant Nobility
--
ideologies
Protection Costs/Protection Racket
--Asian Acceptance
--Asian Resistance
--"Presence" (not control)
Costs and Benefits
--28% ship losses
--16th C: 75% of European Spices Marketed
--Stepping Stone to Pacific
"Multicultural Enclaves"
--Settlers
--1540-1600 Increased Prosyletization

 

Gujarati
Bilad-al-Islam
Ottoman Empire
Textiles
Cotton
Dyeing
Swahili (Coast)
Gold


Pepper
Calicut
Brazil
Cannons (Albuquerque vs. Goa)
Goa
Francisco d'Almeida

Tribute
Kilwa
Malindi
Mombasa
Sofala
Fort Jesus (est 1593)


Estado da India
Cartaz

Aceh
Ali Bey

Prahu

Malacca
Macau

Creoles
Jesuits

 

 


    To Week 4 Outline

 

Return to Calendar