1.P1: Everyone, including the infant
formula industry, agrees that breast feeing provides the best and cheapest nutrition for
P2: Mothers who are lactating are less
likely to conceive.
P3: Breast-feeding also helps to space
Conclusion: Marketing practices should
not induce mothers who otherwise would be willing and able to breast feed to switch to the
2.Explanation. The passage cites a factor
to explain why some people find it easier to admit they are wrong than others: greater
security about themselves, so that they can own up to making a mistake without feeling as
though they are deeply inadequate.
3.P1: The only way you could license
nuclear power plants and not have murder is if you could guarantee perfect containment.
P2: They admit theyre not going
to contain it perfectly.
Licensing nuclear power plants is licensing murder.
4.Not an argument.
P1: Cinema usually just manufactures
sensory blizzards for persons too massive to manage the active engagement of mind even
light reading requires.
P2 (missing) Anything that does not
manage the active engagement of the mind is not an art.
Conclusion: Cinema rarely rises from a
craft to an art.
6.P1: We should not judge between the
dance of the bees, the song of the humpback whale, and human intelligence.
P2/Int. Concl.: Every species is unique
in its own way
Final Conclusion: It is not mere hubris
to argue that Homo sapiens is special in some sense.
7.P1: When unemployment among youth goes
up, hooliganism and gang violence goes up too.
P2/Int. Concl.: Unemployment is
probably a major cause of hooliganism and gang violence
Conclusion: Gang violence among youth
is not caused by drugs.