Expert Page
Here you will find information on different types of athletic injuries and how to treat them
**most beneficial for beginner athletic training students**

Inversion Ankle Sprain
ACL Tear
Hip Flexor Strain

What is Injured:
Grade 1: ATF
Grade 2: ATF, CF
Grade 3: ATF, CF, PTF

Additional Observations:
Impaired gate
Swelling
Ecchymosis
Postive Kleigers, Anterior Drawer
Point tender on Ligaments

Mechanism of Injury:
Above picture demonstartes and Inversion ankle sprain, when you roll onto the outside of your foot.
Treatment:
Strength
Taping
ROM
Balancing

What is injured:
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Menisci
Surrounding Anatomical Structures

Additional Observations:
May describe giving way
Heard Pop
Swelling
Ecchymosis
Positive Lachmans, Anterior drawer
Muscle Spasm
Mechanism of Injury:
Pivoting the knee when foot is planted
Hyperextension of the knee
Pivot then deceleration
Treatment:
Surgery
ROM
Strength; E-Stim
Bracing
What is injured:
Hip Flexors
-Iliopsoas
-Pectineus
-Adductors Longus, Brevis, Magnus
-Rectus Femoris
-TFL

Additional Observations:
Gait
Bruising (possible)
PROM, LPF Hip Extension
ARROM, LPF Hip Flexion
Mechanism of Injury:
Most often cause by a tensile force.
Forceful kicking motion; Hip HE.
Treatment:
Strength
RICE
Hip Spica
Treatment:
Toe Pick Ups:
Pick up objects with your toes
Helps improve mobility
Strengthens muscles of your ankle

T-Bands:
Move in all ROM use heaviest  resistance possible to regain strength

Balancing:
Balance on a foam board either while touching a star  pattern on the floor or passing a ball with someone
Helps restore proprioception and neuromuscular control.

Taping:
Taping can help provide some stability to an unstable ankle joint. Goal is to  stop taping as soon as possible and focus on strenghtening the ankle.

Treatment:
Cybex:
This machine is one of the toughest and most useful tools that can be used after ACL reconstruction to focus of strength of the Quads and Hamis in order to prevent muscle atrophy.

E-Stim: Russian:
Russian Stimulation for muscle re-education. This can be set up to help initiate a muscle contraction, this also helps prevent atrophy.

Bracing:
Bracing is essential after surgery to prevent hypermobility in the joint that could cause injury. It is best to get out of the brace as soon as possible.

Range of Motion- Stretching:
Regaining range of motion (particualrly passive flexion) is essential to prevent other injuries caused my a faulty kinetic chain.

Treatment:
T-Band Kicks:
Kicking in all ROM (Flexion, Extension, Abduction, and Adducation) Helps build strength

RICE:
Rest, Ice Comression, Elevation
Sometimes the best medicine for an injury is to take some time off and rest!!
Ice after practice with compression and elevation.

Ultrasound:
Thermal ultrasound is a useful modality to help jumpstart and progress the healing process.

Hip Spica:
This wrap can be used during practices and game to help prevent injury. The wrap is done medial to lateral and goes around the hip to secure it.


Additional Resouces:
Healing and Preventing the Injury
Basic Information
Additional Resouces:
ACL Rehab Program
Surgery Information

Additional Resouces:
Stockton Athletic Training- Hip Flexor
Stretch the Hip Flexor

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