THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

 

 

 

 

      The American Revolution was one of the most significant events to take place throughout the course of American history.  The war that took place between Great Britain and her thirteen colonies created the country that we subsequently live in today.  The war between Great Britain and the American colonies began when the colonists felt that they were being mistreated by their mother country, especially in regards to taxation without representation.  A group of these angry colonists gathered together in the city of Philadelphia to draft a Declaration of Independence which would be sent to George III, King of England.  In this Declaration, the colonists listed their objections to British rule and declared their independence from Great Britain.  Unwilling to let go of the valuable colonies, England declared war and thus began the American Revolution.  This Pathfinder will aid 5th grade students in their quest for information regarding the American Revolution.  Students will find useful keywords, classification numbers, and specific resources to aid their research purposes.

 

 

 

 

Contents:

 

      -Useful Keywords and Subject Headings

      -Classification Numbers

      -Websites/Collections

      -Encyclopedias & Dictionaries

      -Appropriate Reading Materials for 5th Graders

      -Places to Visit in the Philadelphia Area

 

American Revolution Uniforms

 

 

Useful Keywords and Subject Headings

 

American Revolution                    Revolutionary War

War for Independence                   War of 1776

Declaration of Independence         George Washington

Boston Tea Party                           Paul Revere

Midnight Ride                               Benjamin Franklin

John Adams                                   John Hancock

Thomas Jefferson                           Continental Army

Loyalists                                        Patriots

Yorktown                                      Valley Forge

Delaware River                                                          Molly Pitcher

Colonial America                          Samuel Adams

Stamp Act                                     Taxation without Representation

Common Sense                              Patrick Henry

King George III                             Boston Massacre

Sons of Liberty                              Martha Washington

Thirteen Colonies                          Treaty of Paris

Thomas Paine                                Common Sense

 

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Classification Numbers

 

Library of Congress:

Classification E- History of the Americas

186-199 (Colonial History)

199 (French and Indian War)

201-298 (The American Revolution)

300-453 (American Revolution to the Civil War)

302 (Collected Works of American Statesmen)

303-309 (1775-1789, The Confederation)

310-337 (Constitutional Period, 1789-1809)

311-320 (Washington’s Presidency, 1789-1797)

 

 

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Websites/Collections

 

1. The Revolutionary World: A Journey Towards Freedom

       http://library.thinkquest.org/10966

              In addition to providing a fun zone for kids, this site provides users with an overview of the American Revolution and provides an illustrated tour of Valley Forge and Washington’s Cross. The site also hosts a forum where American history enthusiasts can discuss the war or ask questions of American Revolution history buffs.

 

2.  The Account of the Declaration: Jefferson’s Story of the Declaration

       http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/account

              This website allows users the opportunity to learn more about the man who drafted the Declaration of Independence through the use of his personal writings.

 

3.  Timeline for the American Revolution

       http://www.usahistory.info/timeline/revolution.html

              This website provides users with an in-depth timeline of events during the course of the Revolutionary War between the years of 1765 to 1786.

 

4.  Liberty! The American Revolution

       http://www.pbs.org/ktca/liberty

              This comprehensive website presents a detailed chronicle of the revolution and student users can play “The Road to Revolution” game.

 

5.  The Patriot Resource

       http://www.patriotresource.com/history.html

              This website provides users with an overview of the battles fought, relevant documents, historic landmarks, important people, and a detailed timeline of the revolution.

 

6.  RevWar ‘75

       http://www.revwar75.com

              This website provides students with a wealth of information pertaining to all aspects of the Revolutionary War including people, events, and important documents.

 

7.  Spy Letters of the American Revolution (From the Collections of the Clements Library, University of Michigan)

       http://www.si.umich.edu/spies

              This collection allows viewers to read the correspondence of both patriot and loyalist spies during the American Revolution and to view their biographies and pictures.  The site also includes the various routes of the letters and secret methods and techniques. 

 

8.  The Paul Revere House

       http://www.paulreverehouse.org/ride

              On this site, students with a particular interest in Paul Revere will be able to learn all about the man who made that famous Midnight Ride.  The site includes the real story of Revere’s ride, a virtual Midnight Ride, and Paul Revere quotes.

 

9.  Declaration of Independence (From the National Archives)

       http://www.archives.gov/national-archives-experience/charters/declaration.html

              On this site, students will be able to view the papers that were sent to King George in 1776 declaring the freedom of the thirteen colonies.

 

10.  Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, 1764-1775

       (From the Library of Congress)

       http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/continental/timeline.html

              These documents provided by the Library of Congress allow users to learn more about the various acts and laws enacted by Great Britain on the thirteen colonies including the Sugar Act, Quartering Act, and the Stamp Act.

 

11.  Revolutionary War Quotes

       http://www.revolutionary-war.info/quotes

              Users of this site can either look up or browse thousands of quotes spoken by politicians, soldiers, or civilians during the course of the war.

 

12.  The American Revolution- People of the Revolutionary War

       http://www.americanrevolution.com/people.html

              This site provides a wealth of information for students on the founding fathers, African Americans in the Revolutionary War, American Indians in the American Revolution as well as the Daughters of the American Revolution.

 

13.  The Papers of George Washington (From the Collections of the University of Virginia)

       http://gwpapers.virginia.edu

              This collection allows users to view the personal writings and correspondence of George Washington during his various posts including Commander of the Continental Army as well as president of the United States.

 

14.  History of the American Revolution

       http://americanrevolution.com/history/html

              This vast site offers users the complete history of the American Revolution with several easy-to-navigate subject guides.

 

15.  Flags of the American Revolution

       http://www.foundingfathers.info/American-flag/Revolution.html

              This site allows users to view all of the American flags used during the war by the colonists.

 

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Encyclopedias & Dictionaries

 

Bigelow, Barbara C. The American Revolution Almanac, 2000.

                This almanac set is composed of twelve chapters that cover the years leading up to the war, the war itself, and the years following the wars completion.  The almanac also includes a timeline, illustrations, a glossary of terms, and a list of fun and educational activities for kids.

Boatner, Mark Mayo. Encyclopedia of the American Revolution, 1966.

                This encyclopedia offers a comprehensive overview of the war including its major battles and participants and offers an extensive trivia section.

Fremont-Barnes, Gregory & Ryerson, Richard. The Encyclopedia of the American Revolutionary

        War: A Political, Social, and Military History, 2006.

                This encyclopedia set covers the political, social, and military history of the American Revolution.  The A-Z entries cover the time between the French and Indian War to the presidency of George Washington and includes over 50 maps and 20 pages of glossary terms.

Fremont-Barnes, Gregory & Ryerson, Richard.  American Revolutionary War: A Student

        Encyclopedia, 2006.

                This encyclopedia is designed especially for students and covers the causes, course, and consequences of the Revolutionary War.

Karapalides, Harry J. Dates of the American Revolution: Who, What, and Where in the

        War for Independence, 1998.

                This book was designed as a quick reference for an American Revolution researcher and serves as a chronological list of events beginning with the accession of King George to the death of George Washington.

Marshall, Douglas W.  Campaigns of the American Revolution: An Atlas of Manuscript

        Maps, 1976.

                This atlas pays attention to the various campaigns conducted throughout the war by both British and American armies.  

Mays, Terry M. Historical Dictionary of the American Revolution, 1999.

                This dictionary includes over 1,100 entries varying from significant people, important battles, and historic documents.  

Mollo, John. Uniforms of the American Revolution in Color, 1975.

                This book examines the various uniforms used throughout the war by both the British and the Americans.  The book also pays attention to weaponry and national flags.

Murfin, James V.  National Park Service Guide to the Historic Places of the American Revolution,

        1975.

                This guide from the National Park Service features some of the most prominent battlefields and attractions of the American Revolution and discusses each location’s significance. 

Symonds, Craig L.  A Battlefield Atlas of the American Revolution, 1986.

                This battlefield atlas allows readers the opportunity to visualize the battles they are researching by breaking down the battles in an easy-to-understand fashion. 

 

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Appropriate Reading Materials for 5th Graders

 

1.       My Brother Sam Is Dead, Christopher Collier & James Lincoln Collier, 1974.

2.       The Fighting Ground, Avi, 1984.

3.       George Washington’s Socks, Elvira Woodruff, 1993.

4.       Guns for George Washington, Seymour Reit, 1990.

5.       Toliver’s Secret, Esther Wood Brady, 1976.

6.       Johnny Tremain, Esther Forbes, 1943.

7.       Mr. Revere and I, Robert Lawson, 1988.

8.       Ben Franklin of Old Philadelphia, Margaret Cousens, 1952.

9.       Traitor: The Case of Benedict Arnold, Jean Fritz, 1981.

10.  The Keeping Room, Anna Meyers, 1997.

11.  Love Thy Neighbor: the Tory Diary of Prudence Emerson, Ann Turner, 2003.

12.  The Scarlet Stockings Spy, Trinka Hakes Noble, 2004.

13.  Betrayal at Cross Creek, Kathleen Ernst, 2004.

14.  The Hollow Tree, Janet Louise Swoboda Lunn, 2000.

 

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Engraving by Paul Revere

 

 

Places to Visit in the Philadelphia Area

 

Independence Hall

       143 S. Third Street

Philadelphia, PA 19106                                            

(215) 965-2305

 

Independence Hall

 

The Liberty Bell

       Located on Market St. between 5th & 6th Streets

       Philadelphia, PA 19106

       (215) 965-2305

 

       Liberty Bell

 

Franklin Court

       318 Market Street

       Philadelphia, PA 19106

       (215) 965-2306

 

            Market Street Houses

 

Betsy Ross House

       239 Arch Street

       Philadelphia, PA 19106

       (215) 686-1252

 

      

 

Valley Forge

1400 North Outer Line Drive

King of Prussia, PA 19406

       (610) 783-1077

 

       Many continental soldiers drilling and firing on the grassy fields of the grand parade.

 

 

Red Bank Battlefield

       100 Hessian Avenue

       National Park, NJ 08063

       (856) 853- 5120

 

      

 

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 This page was created by Lisa L. Ballistreri