Artificial Neural Networks
Course Nos. ECE.09.560 (Grad), ECE.09.454 (Senior
Elective)
Fall 2010
Lab Project 3: Radial Basis Function Neural Networks
Objective
In this project, you will develop techniques for designing radial basis
function (RBF) models for solving complex function approximation
and
classification problems. This project has four parts. In Part 1, you
will
exercise your RBF model to solve canonical logicgate problems. In Part
2, you will attempt to use your RBF model for performing function
approximation.
In Parts 3, 4, and 5 you will solve pattern recognition problems.
PreLab Exercise

Radial basis function neural networks are modeled in Matlab in a 2step
process:

The function newrb creates and trains an RBF neural network

The function sim is used to simulate/test the RBF neural network
Do >> help newrb for more details
 The following exercise (identical to the classroom demo) is
used
to model an RBF network
%Radial Basis Function Network
%S. Mandayam/ECE Dept./Rowan University
%Neural Nets/Fall 10
clear;close all;
%generate training data (input and target)
p = [0:0.25:4];
t = sin(p*pi);
%Define and train RBF Network
net = newrb(p,t);
plot(p,t,'*r');hold;
%generate test data
p1 = [0:0.1:4];
%test network
y = sim(net,p1);
plot(p1,y,'ob');
legend('Training','Test');
xlabel('input,
p');
ylabel('target,
t')

Experiment with different number of training
data,
network types, etc.
Part 1
In this part, you are required to demonstrate the capability of an RBF
network to model the XOR logic gate. Generate performance
curves/surfacess
for these RBFmodels as the inputs vary continuously from 0.0 to 1.0.
Part 2
In this part you are required to demonstrate the capability of an RBF
to
approximate the function
f(t) = sin(t)*exp(t/20); 0 < t < 50
You are required to generate Matlab code for this portion of the
project
by formulating the RBF network from first principles  in other words,
you may not use the newrb and sim
functions.
Implement a Kmeans clustering algorithm (see Lecture
6) for determining the centers. Experiment with varying the number
of centers, number of hidden nodes, etc.
Part 3
PrRepeat the
doublemoon classification computer experiment where the distance
between the two moons is set at d = 0 and d = 5. Comment on the
findings of your
experiment in light of the corresponding experiment performed on the
perceptron in Part3 of Lab Project 2.
Part 4
Repeat Part 3 of Lab Project 2 by using a radial basis function neural
network to separate classes in the Iris
database of the UCI Machine
Learning
Repository:
http://www.ics.uci.edu/~mlearn/MLRepository.html
Part 5
In this part, you will design and implement a handwritten
characterrecognition
algorithm using RBF neural networks. As part of the project design
process,
you will define the problem specifications. This will include:

Defining a uniform format for generating input data for training and
testing.
To simplify the problem, handwritten character samples can be expected
to conform to a uniform size (all characters can be written inside of a
1"x1" block for example. The characters may be in the Palm Computing
Platform's
Graffitti(R)2 format (see http://www.palm.com/us/support/handbooks/graffiti2_sticker.pdf
for details).

Defining the number and type of characters to be recognized.

Defining the sample data collection process  how many people? How many
samples from each?

Other suitable problem specifications for developing a justifiable
character
recognition system.
As part of your neural network design process,
you
will experiment with

Choosing appropriate training and test data

Data preprocessing  feeding raw image
vectors vs.
image features

Number and type of output vectors

Network architectures (number of hidden nodes
and
layers)

Training algorithms and strategies

Images corrupted with noise (use the imnoise
function). Identify the SNR for network failure. Not familiar with SNR
concepts? See
ECOMMS
Class Lab Project 1 PreLab Lecture and
ECOMMS
Class Lab Project 1.
Tabulate your percentage correct classification
results
for each of these runs. Be aware that as in any real neural network,
you
will
have misclassifications. You are required to draw conclusions from this
study as you develop the most "optimal" RBF model for this problem.
Your laboratory report (individual
report is required of each student) should be in the usual
format.